However, they require high levels of phosphorus and potassium for optimum growth, nutritional quality, and attraction. In most areas, cowpeas can be planted from early May to early August. When planting cowpeas, I typically plant approximately 70 to 80 lbs./acre if broadcasting and cover the seed about an inch by lightly disking. In the North, cowpeas should be planted starting in late May or early June. … Planting Rate: 15 lbs/acre drilled or 40 lbs/acre broadcast, Wildlife Food Planting Manual for the Southeast (PDF). In regions such as the Deep South that have a long growing season, including lablab or an indeterminate-type soybean variety can be very advantageous. So … In the South, cowpeas can be planted as early as mid-April and can be successfully established throughout the summer if soil moisture is adequate. Iron Clay Pea should be planted once soil temperatures reach a consistent 65 degrees F, which is late spring throughout summer in most growing zones. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is a warm-season annual legume that originated from Ethiopia. Actually a bean and not a pea, iron clay cowpeas produce a very nutritious crop of seeds that can be shelled and eaten fresh, processed in the green stage, or allowed to dry on a vine. If no-till planting, make sure to kill the existing vegetation with glyphosate to eliminate weed competition one to two weeks prior to planting. This is an annual legume that provides forage and seeds for deer and game birds alike, and can be planted in early March through September depending upon the climate zone. It is widely adapted to a variety of soils and climatic conditions throughout the country. If planting a mixture with other species, reduce the planting rate accordingly, depending on the number of species included. Iron clay cowpeas are fairly resilient once planted and are able to germinate in a wide array of soils, but they still require the pH to be between five to seven point five. Excellent for quail, dove & deer. One of my go-to summer mixtures is to broadcast cowpeas (40 to 50 lbs./acre), lablab (10 lbs./acre) and peredovik sunflower (5 lbs./acre). In the late summer, the iron clay cowpeas will produce seed in pods that make a superb food for turkey and quail. In terms of preparing the seed bed, anytime you are broadcasting seed it is very important to create a smooth, firm planting surface free of large clods and debris to ensure optimum germination. Good root-knot nematode resistance. Due to its rapid growth and nitrogen fixing capabilities, cowpeas are an excellent choice for cover crop or green manuring. The deer at my place wiped out 3 acre patch two years ago in one night in mid June. They can do well in acidic soils, but prefer a PH above 5.5. Including lablab can extend the longevity of the plot, making it more productive to hunt over until a frost occurs. Cowpeas are extremely attractive and nutritious, containing upwards of 25 to 30 percent crude protein in fields with good soil fertility. Southern peas have cultural requirements similar to beans. Class: Legume. Excellent for quail, dove & deer. Iron-clay cowpeas are one of my all-time favorite summer forages for deer. It became an eight foot high jungle, and the deer were in there eating stuff all summer and actually living in there as well, but I could never find any evidence … Cowpeas can be planted in most of the country from May to August. For example, planting cowpeas alone in Alabama or Mississippi may not result in quality forage being available to bowhunt over because bow season opens relatively late (mid-October) and cowpeas tend to fade out. Iron & Clay cowpeas are a summer annual legume. This increases protein levels, which enhances body and antler development, as well as milk production in does. The next morning about 9 am it looked like you'd cut it with a lawn mower. Iron & Clay Peas (Iron-Clay Cowpeas) are a southern favorite for food plots and are an easily planted crop either in row or by broadcasting. Also, it is important to plant when there is good soil moisture or when a good chance of rain is in the forecast. In my full profile in Quality Whitetails magazine sent to QDMA members, I also covered early-season hunting strategies using cowpeas, and also weed control techniques. Description: Cowpeas are a vigorous growing warm season annual legume. ft. The seeds mature in about 90-100 days. Another beneficial quality of cowpeas is they are extremely drought tolerant. Regions na - Dry-Med. Cowpea curculio, Chalcodermus aeneus(Coleoptera), is a weevil (Figure 2), that seems to have originated from the Caribb… I use Eagle Soybean Seed, the Large Lad variety. Relative Maturity: Late Class: Non Crowder Plant Habit: Bushy Pod Color: Green Seed Color: Light Brown Seed Size: Medium Description: One of the most popular peas for wildlife enthusiasts planting warm season plots, this variety has a heavy growth of vines that is great for soil improvement and deer forage. NET WEIGHT 50 LBS **PICTURE MAY NOT BE ACTUAL REPRESENTATION! ... Iron Clay Cowpeas / Black-Eyed Peas. The deer love the small plants and will sometimes strip a newly seeded area if the deer population is heavy. If broadcasting, plant about 60 to 70 pounds per acre. Yoro which initially raised digester plant that has two digesters each with a capacity of 1600 m3 biomass use is manure … Cowpeas are a highly preferred summer deer forage and can be difficult to prevent over grazing in small or medium sized plots. PRICES SUBJECT TO CHANGE WITHOUT NOTICE. From about the mid-South region northward, which experiences a shorter growing season, this really isn’t a factor. Peas have long been planted as a green manure crop that adds nutrients back into the soil. Planting Date: April - August. Iron clay peas have the ability to produce their own nitrogen in root modules, which makes them an excellent choice as a “soil-building” summer crop. Quantity. If there are several buds left after defoliation, the plant will regenerate. Cowpeas are moderately tolerant of drought, low fertility and soil acidity but do better in the pH range of 5.5 - 7.0. For quantities over 500 lbs. For best weed-suppression results, plant thick at a rate of 2-2.5 lbs per 1,000 sq. If you are drilling the seed, plant approximately 40 to 50 lbs./acre. Here is another idea. If they are planted early and are not overgrazed, cowpeas will produce seed pods that are long and curved. Make sure the container has good drainage holes and fill the container in with potting mix. Iron Clay Cow Peas produce forage in 45 days and mature seed in 100 days. For cover crops, plant 75 to 100 lbs. They are vigorous, drought hardy plants and are a great nitrogen-fixing crop. Growers use all types of legumes, such as clay iron peas, soybeans and southern peas that when plowed in will increase organic matter and will increase organic nitrogen. Iron & Clay Cowpeas are annual late maturing peas that provide feed for quail & deer in the fall. Height: 2' - 2.5' Scientific Name: Vigna savi. Cowpea Seeds $6.00 Iron and Clay cowpeas makes a great cover crop for smothering weeds and adding Nitrogen to soil during spring as the frost will kill the cowpeas. Planting Iron & Clay Cowpeas Aside from deer, iron clay cowpeas also provide a food supply for turkey, rabbit, and quail. Color: Green. Depth: 1/2"-1" However, realize that if the deer density is high, sunflowers may be overgrazed. Iron clay cowpeas yield an extremely high number of seeds which helps them be fairly resilient when faced with high amount of deer pressure. Iron Clay Cowpeas produce forage in 45 days and mature seed in 100 days. Due to their tolerances to cold and drought, iron clay cowpeas are able to be planted anytime between March and June, or they can be planted in the early fall; soil temperatures should remain above 60○F to ensure the best germination and emergence. Cowpeas are believed to have originated in Africa. In the South, cowpeas can be planted as early as mid-April and can be successfully established throughout the summer if soil moisture is adequate. This is especially important in the South, where there is a tendency to get hot, dry weather during summer. It has a trifoliate leaf (similar to soybeans) that is deep green in color on top and pale, whitish-green underneath. This is an annual legume that provides forage and seeds for deer and game birds alike, and can be planted in early March through September depending upon the climate zone. Unfortunately the deer ate every plant we had this year. … Rate: 60 lbs./acre or 1 1/2 lbs./1000 sq.ft. These are the nutrients we want to transfer to deer. SKU: LA-CP-5.0. Planting … I have probably planted more acres in cowpeas during summer than any other species. This will provide a dense foliage canopy so that weeds are not able to germinate and thrive. This warm season annual legume produces high protien forage for wild life and makes a great soil building cover crop. I like to include lablab in the mixture because it persists longer than cowpeas, holding deer in the area longer. Source: Introduced. They are also commonly planted as a cover crop because they fix nitrogen, they have fast, weed-suppressing growth, and they are exceptionally drought … $9.99 Price. Iron and Clay Cowpeas are a summer annual legume. Cowpeas can tolerate a wide range of soil types but do best when planted in well-drained soils that are slightly acidic. This high protein forage is excellent when used for grazing, haying, baleage, or as a component in a summer cover crop. This limits competition and makes disking much quicker and easier. The cowpea curculio is the main production-limiting key pest where it occurs in the Southeastern United States. The following insects are ranked from the most important and common pests in Georgia, with an emphasis on southern Georgia, where the majority of the production occurs. Iron & Clay cowpeas. Add a bit of compost on top to add nutrients, since containers not only dry out more easily, but also have a tendency to be nutrient-deficient. Plant too early and you risk frost and low soil temperatures preventing good germination. My ag seed supplier didn't have forage soybeans but they said Iron Clay Cowpeas are just as good, so I spring planted some for the first time, four plus acres worth, as part of a mix with radishes, sorghum, sunflowers, clover and t-raptor brassica. If you got deer and you plant Iron Clay cow peas for turkeys, you'll be lucky if the turkeys get any unless you plant about 6-8 acres. If grass competition is not a factor in your plots, then adding a summer grain to the mixture is fine. This strategy allows more flexibility for controlling grassy weed competition with grass-selective herbicides. Cowpeas are extremely productive and can produce in excess of 8,000 pounds of quality forage (dry weight) per year throughout the growing season. Inoculating seed will result in a more productive and attractive stand as nitrogen fixation is greatly enhanced. Deer will forage on the plants starting with the tender small plants when they first emerge. This is an annual legume that provides forage and seeds for deer and game birds alike, and can be planted in early March through September depending upon the climate zone. Iron & Clay Peas Cowpeas are a southern favorite for food plots and are an easily planted crop either in row or by broadcasting. Cowpeas are relatively inexpensive, easy to establish and manage, grow well under just about any condition, produce a tremendous amount of protein-packed and digestible forage, and deer are extremely attracted to them. Later plantings can provide succulent growth to attract deer for an early bow shot. Now they are busy removing plastic mulch and getting ready to plant peas. In a straight stand, cowpeas form a dense weed suppressing mat and fix nitrogen. They do well in a wide range soil types, including nutrient poor or sandy and droughty soils. Plant anytime between March and June or even early fall. Thus, be sure to apply the amounts recommend from the soil test to ensure nutrient levels are in the high range. PLANTING RATES He has a broad range of professional experience managing wildlife populations and their habitats on public and private lands throughout the Southeast. Alternatively, planting cowpeas later in the summer (late June/July) will ensure they last into bow season. Seed Wildlife Food Plot Seed Iron-Clay Cow Peas; Iron-Clay Cow Peas. As with any planting, soil testing should be conducted to ensure you apply the appropriate amounts of lime and fertilizer to make sure nutrient levels are high and readily available by maintaining a neutral pH greater than 6.0. Due to their tolerances to cold and drought, iron clay cowpeas are able to be planted anytime between March and June, or they can be planted in the early fall; soil temperatures should remain above 60○F to ensure the best germination and emergence. Their introduction to the United States occurred during early colonial times and quickly became a staple crop in the Southeast. Good drainage is needed for a successful plot. With 4.5 acres you could plant 1/2 in RR soybeans and the other half in iron clay pears with that size food plot. Ryan Basinger of Alabama is a certified wildlife biologist and the Wildlife Consulting Manager for Westervelt Wildlife Services. When to Plant. Iron Clay Cowpeas are a vining summer annual legume, and the beans it produces are also known as black-eyed peas. Add … Iron &Clay cowpea 85/20/60 B/R/D Yes April-June 1/4-1/2" A D,T,Q insects, forage, seed deer may over browse widely adapted July-Aug. Partridge pea 20/10 B/D Yes Oct.-Feb. 1/4-1/2" A T,Q insects, cover, seed plant fall/winter, comes up in early spring widely adapted Sept.-Oct. Deer are highly fond of iron clay cowpeas, which is fortunate since the iron clay cowpeas provide a high level of protein that will help promote antler growth. He earned his bachelor's degree in wildlife science from Mississippi State University and his master's in wildlife management from the University of Tennessee. Cowpeas can be planted from spring through early Fall. Growth: Annual. / acre with fertilizer such as 19-19-19. Iron & Clay Peas (Iron-Clay Cowpeas) are a southern favorite for food plots and are an easily planted crop either in row or by broadcasting. They are a herbaceous annual warm season legume adapted through most of the southern states. If drilling, plant approximately 40 to 50 pounds per acre. Iron & Clay Peas (Iron-Clay Cowpeas) are a southern favorite for food plots and are an easily planted crop either in row or by broadcasting. Iron & Clay Cowpeas consist of two blended varieties and provide both semi-bushy and veining type growth. Condition New. Ryan has conducted research on a variety of species and habitats where he examined the effects of various forest management techniques on browse production, availability, preference, and nutrition for white-tailed deer. Sunflowers are included to provide “ladder structure” for the cowpeas and lablab to climb upon for increased production, as seen in the photo below. Clay peas were carried as rations by Confederate soldiers, while both Iron and Clay peas sustained newly freed African-Americans after the Civil War according to George Washington Carver’s 1908 Cookbook of Field Pea Recipes.] Once planted, the seeds should reach maturity within ninety to one hundred days provided that rainfall exceeds at least twenty-five inches. Compared to other forage legumes, cowpeas hold up pretty well to grazing pressure as long as plots are not too small. Once the plants have matured, they will attract insects that turkeys depend upon for their diet. Iron Clay Peas work great for planting after your Spring garden to increase soil organics and prevent summer weed growth. For added soil building and diversity, plant in a mix with other summer annuals, such as sunn hemp, sudangrass, buckwheat, or MasterGraze till-ering corn. 2.15. I was looking at the field right at sundown and patting myself on the back at how nice they looked. With their highly digestible, protein packed leaves they are commonly used as a warm season forage for deer and livestock. Cowpeas typically persist until the first frost as long as they aren’t overgrazed and deer will be using them regularly during bow season. Soils: Dry to Medium Soil Moisture. Depending on the local deer density and habitat quality, I recommend that plots be a minimum of 1 acre. Due to their ability to produce their own nitrogen in root modules, iron clay cowpeas are a good choice for soil-building summer crops. Bag Size. Cowpeas are extremely viney, with weak stems causing them to lay over as they mature. Iron clay cowpeas are a highly preferred annual season legume which is best used when planting a combination of plants for foraging wildlife food plots. Info | Reviews | Tips $ 2.15 Per Pound. Plant May to August and expect maturity in 90 - 100 days. Plant 1/4 of the plot in RR soybeans and another 1/4 of the plot in iron clay peas for a summer forage plot. per acre in April through August. Here is a link to their site: You can use any kind of container for growing your cowpeas, but plastic, wood, or clay containers are best. It is extre Iron Clay produces the abundant amounts of organic matter and nitrogen needed to enrich the soil, resists common forms of root-knot nematode (Meloidogyne incognita), and grows well in our desert summers with moderate irrigation. Cowpeas do not need much nitrogen applied since they are a legume and produce their own. For best results provide a well-drained soil, with pH in the range of 5.5-6.5. Iron clay cowpeas have become a favorite addition to deer forage food plot mixtures. Like with any legume, it is important to properly inoculate cowpeas with the appropriate inoculant prior to planting (inoculant code EL). In the North, cowpeas should be planted starting in late May or early June. Notice in the aforementioned mixture that all the plantings are broadleaved and that no grasses or grains are included, such as corn, grain sorghum, or Egyptian wheat. Cowpeas need good drainage and produce better if inoculated when planted and fertilized at 200 lbs. They need warmer soil, so wait until 3-4 weeks after last frost to plant. Iron & Clay Cowpeas. This is an annual legume that provides forage and seeds for deer and game birds alike, and can be planted in early March through September depending upon the climate zone. (more than 10 bags of 50 pounds) please contact us by Phone at 800 253 7346 or click here for a price quote and delivery options.. According to the Environmental Protection Agency most fertilizers Fertilizer For Iron Clay Peas Lawn Recommendations Spring Ontario contain about the same basic materials: nitrogen potassium phosphorus and sometimes other nutrients like zinc needed for healthy plant growth. Iron Clay Peas are a warm season Legume used as an added ingredient to Spring, Summer and Fall food plots for wildlife. PLANTING RATES Need full sun and a warm growing season. All insect pests but the cowpea curculio, have satisfactory control options available to growers. Select. Leaflets are triangular in shape. Just be sure that soil temperatures should remain above 60 degrees Fahrenheit to ensure the best germination and emergence. Ryan also has conducted extensive food plot research where he compared production, nutrition, preference, and availability of various forages planted for deer. Due to their preference though, deer have been known to strip a newly seeded area if the area is heavily overpopulated. Every issue of the magazine contains one of my complete food plot species profiles, so join QDMA today to start receiving the complete articles. Iron Clay Cowpeas are a warm season Legume used as a added ingredient to Spring, Summer and Fall food plots for wildlife. Turkey in particular will seek out cowpea plots due to their preference for early seedlings. Vigorous, drought hardy plants are a great nitrogen-fixing cover crop; late maturing pods can be harvested for the kitchen or used for fodder. Cowpeas are the most productive legume in warm regions of the United States. Iron clay cowpeas are most likely to succeed if planted between one and two inches beneath the soil’s surface. Will forage on the plants starting with the appropriate inoculant prior to planting, cowpeas will produce pods. This will provide a well-drained soil, so wait until 3-4 weeks after last frost to.. 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