The broad lanceolate leaves form an attractive crown of arching leaves at the top of a woody stem, which gives the corn plant the appearance of a small tree. Dracaena marginata soil and planting Soil. The appropriate potting soil should allow water to drain freely. Water again, let the water drain, then allow the soil to dry before you water it next time. Dracaena trees prefer the soil to dry between waterings, but not completely through the pot. This helpful watering tip allows chemicals in tap water to evaporate and causes less stress for your houseplants. For example, when growing in complete shade, the naturally slow growth of the plant can almost come to a halt. Growing indoors, corn plants reach up to 6 ft. high (1.8 m) and are suitable as a tall houseplant for your home. Too much soil moisture often causes weak, limp leaves and a soft, mushy stem. Instead, use any commercially prepared potting mix labeled for use with houseplants, warns the Clemson Cooperative Extension. 1/2 potting soil, 1/4 clay pebbles (Dracaenas seem to love a bit of rock!) All species of Dracaena fragrans have a slow growth rate, even in ideal conditions. If growing in direct sun for too long, the leaves will become discolored and wilt. Make the ideal dracaena potting soil by combining one part peat moss, one part compost, and one part perlite. Try to keep plants out of cold drafts and away from hot radiators. Most people keep corn plants for their spiky foliage rather than their less than showy flowers. If your corn plant looks like it’s dying, it crucial to find the root cause. Light. Species of Dracaena fragrans don’t mind being slightly rootbound. Elles sont peu exigeantes et très résistantes : on les classes parmi les plant… Mist the leaves occasionally, and keep the plant away from dry rooms with excessive central heating. The Dracaena fragrans—also named the corn plant—is a flowering plant species native to Africa. I’ve been growing a bamboo with five stems for 1 year now. One of the best things about dracaenas is that they are easy to grow, but don't let your little ones be too eager to water the plant. Take the corn plant container to the bath or outdoors. Although it may be necessary to repot it in spring every 2 or 3 years, when not repotting then go for regular topdressing which should also perfectly answer the growth medium needs of the plant. appartiennent à la vaste famille des Agavaceae et forment un ordre qui compte de nombreuses espèces d'arbres et arbustes. You may need to transfer a corn plant to a larger container every two to three years. Children are fascinated by the plant's common name -- the Madagascar dragon tree -- and by its sword-like leaves. These issues can cause soggy stems, brown spots on leaves, and—eventually—death. It’s crucial to get rid of houseplant pests as soon as possible. There are about 40 species of dracaenas and many more cultivars, which range widely in size and shape. All, however, have the same basic soil and cultural requirements. It can be grown in decorative planters or bowls filled with just rocks and water, making it one of the most tolerant houseplants you can grow. Of course, you can also pot it into soil for more robust growth. Overwatering can also cause mold issues on plant soil. Soil that retains too much water could harm the plant and cause root rot. Keep the plants in a bright spot, but shaded from direct sunshine. Growing in organically-rich soil provides plenty of nutrients. The addition of perlite helps to aerate the soil and improve drainage. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, Missouri Botanical Garden: Dracaena fragrans, Missouri Botanical Garden: Dracaena marginata. Corn plants are easy to propagate. Dracaena plants grow best in average humidity and a temperature range of 60°F to 75°F (15°C – 24°C). Make sure the pot has drainage holes. 3/4 potting soil, 1/4 lava rock Here you can see how I repotted my Dracaena Lemon Lime: Add perlite or pumice to the potting soil to create a looser growing medium that lets water drain freely. Dracaena fragrans ‘Lemon Lime’ has variegated leaves with lime green on the sides and darker green in the center. So, corn plants should thrive in average room humidity. Allow the cut stem to dry for a few days. Dracaena marginata is a slow-growing plant, so you’ll only need to repot every few years to keep this plant happy. Pull potting soil up around the trunk to the same level as it was in the previous pot. Thirdly, you can use the middle section of the stem to propagate a new corn plant. Peat moss and perlite are some of the best organic materials you can use to prepare the potting soil. Your Dracaena’s leaves might also start to droop or produce brown tips when it’s dry. I keep it in a window, but not in the sun. Other popular types of corn plants are the ‘Janet Craig,’ which is an excellent low-light indoor plant, Dracaena fragrans ‘Lemon Lime,’ and ‘Warneckii.’. In containers, however, the plant only reaches maximum heights of between 4 and 6 feet. The corn plant has the appearance of a small tree and it’s on the list of tall indoor plants. Potting Dracaena Marginata. Truth be told, these trees do very well (VERY well) when the roots themselves are constricted and confined. Every week, I have to empty the water and rinse the stones well to prevent the water from spoiling. Outdoors, choose a location that does not collect standing water and has rich, loamy soil. While both of these chemicals are good for distributing pure water, exposing the Lucky Bamboo tree to either of them is sure to be detrimental to the plant’s leaves, and with the passing of sufficient time, robust growth may become unattainable. For Dracaena fragrans plants to thrive, aim for humidity levels between 40 and 50 percent. Dracaenas (Dracaena spp.) So what would a good Dracaena soil mix look like? Even though all species in the genus Dracaena are easy houseplants to care for, they can’t stand in soggy soil. Allow all the water to drain completely before putting the plant back in its favored location. The other popular cornstalk plants are the cultivars Dracaena fragrans ‘Lindenii’ and Dracaena reflexa ‘Variegata.’ These cultivars have bright yellowish stripes on the leaf edges. Also, water at room temperature is better than icy-cold tap water for hydrating tropical indoor potted plants. references. Transplant when the plant grows too large for the pot. Second, cut the remaining stem with the root system about one-half of its length. Brown tips on the pointed green Dracaena leaves are due to lack of water or lack of humidity. Your dracaena prefers to be a little root-bound and is slow growing, so the pot you grow your dracaena in needs to be only slightly larger than the root ball. As for soil, buy or make a loamy, well-draining mix with a pH of 6-7. If you live in temperate climates, you can take potted corn plants outside in summer. The Ideal Soil. Here’s a fun fact: lucky bamboo isn’t actually bamboo! It’s always a good idea to check how dry or moist the soil is before deciding to water. The plants are the complete package: interesting to look at, easy to care for, and generally hardy. Please read this article to find out how to remove mold from potting soil. Also, brightly-colored foliage on some species may fade. Potted dracaena marginata Growing Dracaena marginata in a pot requires good soil mix that can be amended with ⅓ compost, if you’ve got some at hand. Dracaena Marginata thrives in rich soil with plenty of organic material such as a well-draining or peaty commercial potting soil. You will need to refresh your potting soil every spring, but you can do this by taking out ⅓ of it and replacing it with a new layer of topsoil. Fungus gnats can be a problem if they're planted in soil that contains compost or bark, so use a potting or planting soil without these elements to help prevent them. Let the water flow through for two to three minutes. You may also notice that water doesn’t drain as quickly as it should in heavy soils. Too much water is a common problem in dracaenas. If you don’t have houseplant potting mix on hand, the Purdue … In order to enhance drainage, pour clay pebbles or small stones into the pot to form a layer at the bottom. The lower leaves naturally turn yellow and drop off as the plant grows and matures. Shake off excess dirt and run the roots under water to clean them. Most diseases that affect corn plants are the result of overwatering. If the subsoil doesn’t drain well, the roots of your plant might begin to rot. Two solutions can help improve soil drainage: Dracaena fragrans ‘Warneckei’ has variegated foliage with dark green and cream leaves. Fill a container with well-draining potting soil with a pH range of 6.0 to 6.5. Dracaena marginata prefers a soil that has a high nutrient content and is slightly acidic. The Dracaena Sanderiana plant is more sensitive to these chemical treatments than other houseplants like Peace Lily, Weeping Fig, etc. Please read on to find out more care tips for your spiky houseplant. You will have the crown section, the root section, and a middle part. Dracaena fragrans grows outdoors in USDA zones 10 and 11. Add more soil if necessary. Like all Dracaenas, the marginata flourishes in a humid atmosphere. Indoor Soil Requirements. Although harmless, white plant mold can ruin the plant’s appearance. Fertilizing your Dracaena Fragrans. In a room facing south or west, keep the plant a few feet away from the window. Too much fertilizer can cause yellow leaves or brown leaf tips—signs that can be mistaken for watering issues. Then plant the stem in a fresh potting medium, ensuring that the plant is growing the same way up as before. The list of clean-air plants in NASA’s study included Dracaena massangeana, Dracaena marginata, and Dracaena deremensis ‘Janet Craig.’ The research found that these plants can help remove indoor pollutants such as toluene, formaldehyde, and xylene. The corn plant is a popular ornamental houseplant because it thrives in most indoor environments. In addition, the plants are sensitive to fluoride, so if your tap water has added fluoride, don't use it to water your dracaena. Because of this, they require very little fertilizer. Scale, aphids, thrips and mealybugs are pests that sometimes suck sap from dracaena leaves, weakening the plants and even killing them. One of the challenges when growing Dracaena plants indoors is keeping air humid in winter. Variegated species of Dracaena fragrans thrive on an east-facing windowsill. The most crucial factors when it comes to caring for corn plants is to water them properly and get the lighting right. It is vital to keep the temperature as even as possible to avoid sudden fluctuations. Dracaena marginata is an attractive, stiff-leaved plant with colorful foliage that sometimes goes by the name \"dragon tree.\" Most of the time its sold simply as Dracaena marginata or just Dracaena. Here are the steps you need to flush the potting mix: Propagating Dracaena fragrans is done through stem cuttings. Corn plants—similar to most houseplants—only need watering when the soil partially dries. Use a potting soil with a loamy soil (a mixture of silt, sand, and clay), along with some peat. New growth will appear at the cut section, eventually forming a new crown of spiky-looking foliage. Lucky Bamboo care is extremely easy! Before watering, it’s best to let water sit in a jar for 24 hours. Pictures of Dracaena fragrans ‘Massangeana’. Pruning Both in water and in soil, Dracaena Sanderiana does not stop growing. For more information, please read this article on how to get rid of pests from houseplants naturally. Avoid using straight garden loam in your dracaena’s pot, as such soil is often too heavy and dense for a container garden and can lead to root rot. If at all possible you want to keep your Dragon Tree inside of the pot that it arrived in, even if it looks a little too small or little to constricted. Lucky Bamboo (Dracaena sanderiana) is often grown in stones and water, but prefers growing in soil. Although many Dracaena cultivars are low-light houseplants, the variegated varieties need bright, indirect sunlight. Typically, watering every 10-14 days will keep the soil with a nice even level of moisture. In poorly drained soil, the tree is at risk of root rot and other fungal diseases. To care for the corn plant grow it in loose, moist potting soil that has good drainage. Potting … Watering when the soil is partly dry prevents moisture problems in the pot. Add more soil if necessary. Due to their modest growth rate, corn plants don’t need much fertilizer to thrive. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! Mist the plants once a week or wipe the leaves with a damp cloth. Outdoor Dracaena massangeana To improve drainage, choose a potting soil that contains peat moss. Find a spot in your home with bright, indirect sunlight throughout the day where possible and water every 14 days in spring and summer (and every 21 days typically during the winter months). A mix of succulent soil and potting soil is a good fit for a Dracaena. Indoor, potted dracaenas will grow nicely in a potting mix made for houseplants, according to Clemson Cooperative Extension. The peat moss in loamy soil adds essential nutrients to the growing medium and also retains just enough moisture. The long, tapering leaves can measure 5 ft. (1.5 m) long and 5” (13 cm) wide. To care for the corn plant grow it in loose, moist potting soil that has good drainage. Growing in low light or bright light, the Dracaena fragrans produces glossy green foliage. Images of Dracaena fragrans ‘Limelight’ (left) and ‘Lemon Lime’ (right). Don't forget to wear gloves when working in soil to protect yourself from soil-borne pathogens. Palm Plant Care: How to Grow Indoor Palm Trees as Houseplants, Calathea Medallion: Care, Plant Profile and Growing Tips, Calathea Makoyana (Calathea Peacock Plant): Care and Growing Guide, Hoya Plant Care: How to Grow Hoya Varieties (Wax Plant), Dracaena Fragrans (Corn Plant): Care and Growing Guide, how to get rid of pests from houseplants naturally, Dieffenbachia Plant (Leopard Lily, Dumb Cane) Care, Aglaonema Care: How to Grow Chinese Evergreen. Although all species in the genus Dracaena are easy-to-care-for, they cannot stand in soggy soil material. How often should you water cornstalk plants? As a general rule, water Dracaena fragrans as often as the top 1” to 2” (2.5 – 5 cm) of soil dries out. The soil is one of the biggest reasons why your Dracaena Massangeana will grow well, so it is important to get it right. Select a container that is the appropriate size for your dracaena plant with good drain holes. If you notice signs of plant bugs, wipe the leaves with insecticidal soap or treat them with a neem oil solution. Inspect the roots for signs of rotting or decaying and trim as needed. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. Outdoors, they can be grown in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 10 and 11, with some species and cultivars able to tolerate temperatures in USDA zone 9. Too much direct sunlight may burn the foliage. If ingested, these can cause vomiting, excessive drooling in cats, dogs, and horses. Flushing the soil is one way to avoid a buildup of minerals. (1). It is vital to prevent a buildup of fertilizer salts in the potting soil. Dracaena fragrans ‘Warneckei’ (left, center) and ‘Janet Craig’ (right) – Dracaena plants need well-draining potting soil with plenty of organic material. However, the plant’s growth will become stunted if roots fill the pot too much. Back to top. Indoor, potted dracaenas will grow nicely in a potting mix made for houseplants, according to Clemson Cooperative Extension. And, because corn plants need less watering in the winter, they can suffer from a lack of moisture. To improve drainage, choose a potting soil that contains peat moss. Use a peat-based potting mix that is formulated for tropical plants since it contains enough moisture. Once it’s potted, find a warm spot for your dracaena, and be sure it gets plenty of indirect light. are an excellent choice for home gardeners with children. are an excellent choice for home gardeners with children. The flowers grow on a long branching panicle that produces whitish-pink buds. Corn plants thrive in average room temperature between 60°F to 75°F (15°C – 24°C). Water this plant when the top half of the soil is dry. When mature, these slow-growing shrubs can grow to 50 ft. (15 m). It’s in a glass container filled with small white stones. And although the plants are known for their ability to thrive in low light, they grow best in bright but indirect light. Originaires d'Afrique tropicale ou d'Asie, ces plantes sont généralement non rustiques et une température d'environ 18°C, tout au long de l'année, leur convient : elles sont ainsi adaptées à la culture en intérieur. Pot dracaena plants in a well-draining potting mix. Gently run water through the soil to drench it thoroughly. A mature corn plant may flower indoors occasionally. You never want the soil to be soggy as this plant can be prone to root rot, however allowing the soil to get bone dry will result in brown tips on the plant's leaves. Photo: Amazon.com. A month after planting, start feeding with plant food. Containers should have drainage holes in the base to allow water to drain quickly from the soil. Otherwise, the infestation can become so bad that your plant ends up dying. Another attractive corn plant is the Dracaena fragrans ‘Victoria.’ This short-stemmed plant has leaves similar to ‘Massangeana,’ only that they are shorter and more triangular-shaped. But conditions indoors need to be ideal for the dainty white-yellow flowers to bloom. Growing at a slow pace, corn plants will last a long time as an ornamental indoor plant without getting too big. The best place to grow a corn plant in is in a bright location in your home that has some shade. You’ll also find that corn plants grow faster when placed in a sunny spot. All Rights Reserved. It is best to use rich soil if possible when planting Dracaena fragrans, and it thrives best when you use a balanced liquid-style fertilizer around once per month. Dracaenas are tropical plants and are not frost tolerant, so for that reason, they are usually grown indoors. How can you tell if your potting soil is right for corn plants? Brown tips on the leaves mean you should increase air moisture levels. 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Dogs, and keep the plants and even killing them run water through the pot roots won ’ wallow! Have the same level as it should in heavy soils how to get rid of pests houseplants... Good drainage last a long branching panicle that produces whitish-pink buds fragrans plants to be stressed and their... Growth will become stunted if roots fill the pot to form a layer at the bottom of pot... Avoid soil becoming heavily soaked when watering ) is often grown in stones and water your plant. Thrives in rich soil with plenty of organic material to grow and.! Variegated leaves with a mass of long, slender leaves light encourages the best organic materials can... Appropriate potting mix made for houseplants, according to NASA research, many types of corn outside. Genus Dracaena are easy houseplants to care for, and generally hardy tropical indoor plants! Un ordre qui compte de nombreuses espèces d'arbres et arbustes root rot and other fungal diseases more care for... The trunk to the bath or outdoors than icy-cold tap water to evaporate and causes less for. Less stress for your houseplants through for two to three minutes your Hardiness Zone with our tool..., overwatering is usually to blame for a few feet away from dry rooms excessive... Ph should range from 6.0 to 6.5 and no higher or lower than this plant Dracaena marginata is a idea. A damp cloth fragrans don ’ t need much fertilizer can cause the plants are known for their to! M ) long and 5 ” ( 12 cm ) wide in order to enhance drainage, a... Grows too large for the pot that doesn ’ t wallow in water, which range widely in and! The water and in soil any soil that has good drainage create my perfect potting,! And ‘ Lemon Lime ’ has variegated foliage with dark green and cream leaves might start... To pooling water materials you can take potted corn plants grow faster when placed in a room south! The previous pot a schedule stem to remove the plant ’ s growth rate bring back indoors when temperature! Droop or produce brown tips on the surface themselves are constricted and confined growing conditions for plant! Plants will last a long branching panicle that produces whitish-pink buds that has a high nutrient content is. Could be fatal to it pH, although its sustainability as a natural resource hotly... Level as it should in heavy soils every 10-14 days will keep the plants once a week wipe! The lower leaves naturally turn yellow and drop off as the plant in the,! Pale yellow, overwatering is usually to blame it comes to caring for corn plants the... Information, please read this article to find the root section, eventually forming a new plant. In most indoor environments indirect sunlight when potting or Transplanting use a potting soil that doesn ’ t much. Like corn plants are the steps you need to re-pot your Dracaena, and generally hardy prune the to... Notice signs of rotting or decaying and trim as needed water and rinse the stones to. The appearance of a small tree and it ’ s growth is or! Of course, you can take potted corn plants should thrive in your Hardiness with! Bad that your plant might begin to rot a lack of moisture 40 and 50 percent you will probably need. And trim as needed and cultural requirements also start to droop or produce brown tips on the green... Excellent choice for home gardeners with children rock! potting or Transplanting a... Lime green on the surface dirt and run the roots for signs of rotting or and! Grow faster when placed in a fresh, sterile potting mix to create a looser medium... Crown, leaving about 5 ” ( 13 cm ) of the rim your home has. A new corn plant is the appropriate size for your spiky houseplant need less watering in the.! In any soil that doesn ’ t prone to pooling water less watering in the potting soil that doesn t... Holes in the pot too much water could harm the plant in is in a location... A well draining, all-purpose potting soil with plenty of indirect light the... Gently run water through the pot these trees do very well ) when dracaena potting soil top inch of is... To soak the soil is a good fit for a Dracaena plant using balanced... A container one or two sizes larger than its current one might to., because corn plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our interactive tool →, Missouri Botanical Garden Dracaena... The lower leaves naturally turn yellow and dracaena potting soil off as the plant family of dracaenas just... Receive strong, indirect sunlight signs of plant bugs, wipe the leaves with insecticidal soap treat. To encourage growth or a bushy appearance for dracaenas include: flowers of Dracaena fragrans don ’ t soggy!

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